What is Gum Disease?

What is Gum Disease?

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, can lead to tissue loss. It is the gum tissue that holds teeth in place. Plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that grows on the surface of teeth, will cause inflammation of the gums eventually leading to the loss of tissue.

If not treated early, plaque build-up will instigate the gums pulling away from teeth leaving pockets between the teeth and gums where bacteria will grow. Any damage caused by bacteria will bring harm the jawbone structure.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Inflamed and damaged gum tissues need the services of a periodontal dentist, and not all dentists provide this treatment. The early stages of gum disease, called gingivitis, have the symptoms of red and swollen gums. Generally, gingivitis can be treated with a professional cleaning and with continued, consistent oral hygiene.

Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease that requires an invasive cleaning deeper into the gum line.

The symptoms of gum disease are:

  • Red and swollen gums that easily bleed after brushing and flossing
  • Constant bad breath
  • Pus between the teeth and gums
  • Receding gum line
  • Moving or loose teeth
  • Changes in the bite alignment
  • Differences in the fit of partial dentures

Prevention of Gum Disease

The American Dental Association recommends regular dental visits every 6 months for a routine exam and cleaning. Gum disease can be prevented with effective oral hygiene, by:

  • Brushing teeth at least twice per day
  • Flossing, or using an interdental cleaner, at least once per day
  • Asking your dentist or hygienist for instructions on how to properly brush and floss
  • Avoiding all tobacco products

Benefits of Sound Oral Hygiene

There is supporting research that certain heart conditions are caused from excessive bacteria within the oral cavity. The bacteria causing gum disease will eventually enter the bloodstream and travel throughout the body.

Tooth decay and other dental conditions will never be prevented, but consistent and sound oral hygiene will capture any condition in the early stages to greatly reduce the effects of excessive bacteria in the body.

The dental professionals at Family Dental Care, with locations near you in the Chicago area, are trusted and highly recommended in providing general, cosmetic and restorative dental care. The treatments for all stages of gum disease fall within restorative dental care.

The staff at Family Dental Care maintain the highest levels of accreditation and continued education to provide its patients, current and new, with personalized care with the application of modern and innovative technology.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of gum disease, please contact Family Dental Care now for a consultation at a location near you.

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